Magento is an open-source CMS. The engine is written in the PHP programming language with Zend Framework elements. During the development of the product, the object-oriented programming methodology and MVC architecture were used.
Magento can be deployed using MySQL or MariaDB databases. The purpose of the platform is to create e-commerce websites and transactional platforms.
The Magento engine code was initially developed by Varien Inc., a privately held company based in California, USA. Numerous volunteers have also taken an active part in the development of the software.
Magento 1.0 was released in March 2008. Throughout the history of development, this CMS has changed its owner several times. In May 2018, the assets of Magento Inc. were sold to Adobe Inc., a primary software developer based in San Jose, California, USA. The deal amounted to $ 1.68 billion. The final Magento acquisition was completed on June 19, 2018.
Magento 2.0 was released in November 2015. Many improvements have been made in this version of the product. In particular, changes were made to improve new ways of interacting with the user and enhanced navigation mechanisms, and changes were made to increase the conversion rate and, as a result, increase the income of online store owners.
Magento 2.0 has an advanced toolkit for business users that enhances the software user interface.
CMS Magento exists on two parallel platforms:
Magento Open Source – completely free version known as Community Edition
Magento Commerce – commercial version
Magento Enterprise Edition – the retail version of the engine
Magento Open Source
The open-source version of Magento, formerly known as Magento Community Edition, is an entirely free and open-source e-commerce platform.
Web developers have the right to modify system files and extend their websites’ functionality by adding new plugins (plugins) developed by third-party developers.
The main task that CMS Magento Open Source solves is the creation of e-commerce sites for online commerce. Although Magento changed hands in the spring of 2018, Adobe guarantees that Magento CMS will remain, as before, an open-source platform.
Magento Commerce Shopping Platform
CMS Magento Commerce was released in April 2016. By definition and in essence, this platform is a service provided to users on a paid basis.
Magento 2 has received many new features and improvements. Their architecture differs significantly from previous versions.
Magento Commerce engine built on top of Magento Open Source uses the same core system files. The free version’s main difference is that the commercial version provides consumers with more features and fine-tuning options.
Magento Commerce is designed primarily for large enterprises and organizations that require constant technical support from the moment the site is launched to solving problems during operation. Payment for the services of the commercial product is made within the framework of an annual subscription.
Magento is a top-rated platform for building e-commerce websites. This CMS is used by quite large and well-known companies such as Samsung and Nike.
However, this does not mean that Magento is solely for creating large-scale stores. This engine is also suitable for small and medium-sized companies and organizations.
Since the primary goal of Magento is to create online stores, it is essential that your e-Commerce site looks beautiful, attracts potential buyers, and at the same time remains a custom solution in terms of design.
To solve this problem, CMS Magento offers consumers a set of free and paid templates. Among them, web developers will choose the most suitable theme, depending on the niche and type of activity.
The right Magento template will make your e-commerce platform not unique but also commercially successful. It is highly recommended that you take the process of selecting the template you want to be taken seriously.